Understanding Football and Its History, or simply soccer is a sport that uses a ball which is generally made of leather, called a “soccer ball”, and is played by two teams of 11 (eleven) members each. ) core players and some substitutes.
Entering the 21st century, this sport has been played by more than 250 million people in 200 countries. Soccer aims to score as many goals as possible by putting the ball into the goalagainst. Football is played in an open rectangular field, on grass or artificial turf .
In general, only the goalkeeper has the right to touch the ball with his hands or arms inside his goal area, while the other 10 (ten) players are allowed to use their whole body other than the hands, usually with the feet to kick, the chest to control, and the head to head the ball. The team that scores the most goals at the end of the game wins.
If until the end of time it still ends in a draw, then a draw can be made, extra time or a penalty shoot-out, depending on the format of the tournament. From an official match, 3 points are awarded to the winning team, 0 points to the losing team and 1 point each to the two teams that drew.
However, the winner of a football match may be annulled at any time due to scandals and criminal acts that are proven at a later date. A soccer match can be won automatically by a team by 3-0 if the opposing team intentionally withdraws from the match ( Walk Out ).
The rules of the match are generally updated annually by the parent organization of international football ( FIFA ), which also organizes the World Cup every four years. Understanding Football and Its History
The history of the sport of soccer ( the game of kicking a ball ) dates back to the 2nd and 3rd centuries BC in China . During the Han Dynasty , people dribbled leather balls by kicking them into small nets. A similar game is also played in Japan as Kemari . In Italy , the game of kicking and carrying the ball was also popular, especially from the 16th century.
Modern football began to develop in England by establishing basic rules and became very popular with many people. In some competitions, the game was so violent during matches that King Edward III finally banned the sport from being played in 1365. King James I of Scotland also supported a ban on football. In 1815, a major development led to football becoming popular in universities and schools .
The birth of modern football took place at the Freemasons Tavern in 1863 when 11 schools and clubs came together and formulated the standard rules for the game. At the same time, there is a clear separation between rugby and soccer ( soccer ). In 1869, carrying the ball by hand was banned in football. During the 1800s, the sport was brought by British sailors , merchants , and soldiers to various parts of the world. In 1904, the supreme association of world football (FIFA) was formed and by the early 1900s, various competitions were played in various countries. This sport is also popular, especially from the 16th century.
Untuk pertandingan internasional dewasa, lapangan sepak bola internasional yang digunakan memiliki panjang yang berkisar antara 100-120 meter dan lebar 65-75 meter.Di bagian tengah kedua ujung lapangan, terdapat area gawang yang berupa persegi empat berukuran dengan lebar 7.32 meter dan tinggi 2.44 meter. Di bagian depan dari gawang terdapat area penalti yang berjarak 16.5 meter dari gawang. Area ini merupakan batas kiper boleh menangkap bola dengan tangan dan menentukan kapan sebuah pelanggaran mendapatkan hadiah tendangan penalti atau tidak.